fungi / mushrooms

 so what is the difference between
               a Toadstool and a Mushroom ? 
Absolutely nothing !  The word Toadstool is thought to have evolved from the fact that mushrooms often grow in dark damp places (where most toads like to live) and some mushrooms are shaped like a little stool ie a toad stool. Sometimes we think of the poisonous fungi as toadstools and those that are edible as mushrooms – this has probably arisen because there are some toads who emit poisonous fluids through their skin.
It is thought that the word Mushroom is derived from the Gallo-Roman mussiro which soon evolved into the word mussereroun in Middle English.  
Prior to the 1940’s the most widely available mushroom was the Italian brown, which we now know as the crimini mushroom. 
Mushrooms soon became very popular and more exotic mushrooms became the norm those such as shiitake, enoki, oyster, morels chanterelles and many others.
100 different fungi species found in Monkmead Wood
Some of the species found in the woodland include :-
  • Jelly Babies (Leotia lubrica)
  • Common Earthball (Scleroderma citrinum
  • Birch Polypore (Piptoporus betulinus)
  • Blushing Bracket (Daedaleopsis confragosa
  • Amethyst Deceiver (Laccaria amethystea)
  • The Deceiver (Laccaria laccata)
  • Destroying Angel (Amanita virosa) – poisonous liver/kidney failure
  • Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria) – although poisonous rarely fatal, with hallucinogenic properties. 
  • Hen of the Woods (Grifola frondosa) – another excellent find at the base of an old oak tree.
  • Yellow swamp (Russula claroflava) - grows in boggy ground under birch trees. It has pale ochre-yellow gills.
 * * To see the full list of just 70 of the Fungi varities found in Monkmead Wood, click here * *

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